FACTS, FIGURES AND PHOTOGRAPHS FOR METHODISTS A PICTURE GALLERY OF OLD METHODIST LANDMARKS BISHOP ASBURY AS HE STARTED ON HIS ITINERARY TOUR IN 1771. (During his ministry of forty-five years, it is estimated that he traveled 270,000 >iles, or more than ten times the circumference of the globe, and mostly on horse- lack; crossed the Alleghany Mountains sixty-two times; preached 16,000 times; it in 224 Annual Conferences; and ordained 4,000 preachers.) COMPILED BY H. H. SMITH (Virginia Conference), Alberta, Va. rice 10 cents. IMPORTANT DATES AND EVENTS IN METHODIST HISTORY 1703. — John Wesley born at Epworth, England. 1707. — Charles Wesley born at Epworth, England. 1714. — George Whitefield born at Gloucester, England. 1735. — John Wesley, his brother Charles, and others, come to America as mission- aries to the Indians in the State of Georgia. 1739. — Wesley and Whitefield, excluded from some pulpits of the Church of England, begin field" preaching. Sometimes they preached to crowds of from 10,000 to 20,000 persons. In these services they were often Interrupted and persecuted by mobs, yet thousands of souls were converted. 1739. — This marks the date of the first or- ganized form of Methodism, "The United Society." 1739. — The first Methodist chapel in the world built at Bristol, England. 1740. — The first Methodist chapel in London, the "Foundry," opened for worship. 1741. — Lay preachers are first employed. Cennick, Maxfield, Humphreys, and others were among the first. 1742. — John Wesley, being refused the pulpit at Epworth, preached in the church- yard, standing on his father's tomb. 1742. — The first Methodist circuit is formed, and the appointments are filled by John Wesley. 1742. — Class meetings are first held. 1743. — The "General Rules" are adopted and published. 1744. — The first Methodist Conference held in London at the "Foundry." Besides the two Wesleys, there were present four other clergymen and four lay preachers. 1760. — Philip Embury arrives in New York from Ireland. 1764? — Robert Strawbrldge (according to Bishop Asbury), built the first Metho- dist church in America, on Sam's Creek, In Frederick (now Carroll) county. Md. 1766. — Philip Embury began to preach in New York city. 1767. — Captain Thos. Webb established Meth- odism in Philadelphia. 1768. — John Street church. New York city, built. It is the oldest Methodist church in the North. 1768. — Robert Williams planted Methodism in Virginia. 1769. — Hannah Ball, a young Methodist, es- tablished a Sunday School at Wycombe, England. (This was 10 or 12 years before Robert Raikes organized his first Sunday School.) 1770.— George Whitefield died at Newbury- port, Mass. He crossed the Atlantic thirteen times, and for many years of his life preached fifteen times a week. 1771. — Francis Asbury sails for America. 1773. — The first Conference In America held in Philadelphia, Thos. Rankin pre- sided. Ten preachers were present. The total membership of the Societies in America was 1,160. "This Con- ference met in St. George's church, which is still in use, and is the oldest Methodist church used continuously for worship in the world." 1784.— The Methodist Episcopal Church In America organized at a Conference which met in Baltimore, December 24th. It is known as the "Christmas Conference." Dr. Coke, who had been ordained by Mr. Wesley, was elected superintendent, or Bishop; Francis Asbury was also elected superinten- dent, or Bishop, to assist Dr. Coke. He was ordained by Dr. Coke, assisted by several elders. The twenty-five Articles of Religion were adopted. At this date there were 18,000 Methodists in America. 1786. — Bishop Asbury organized the first Sunday school in the United States, in the house of Thos. Crenshaw, in Hanover county, Va. 1788.— Death of Charles Wesley. He is the author of about 6,000 hymns. "He is great among poets and prince of Eng- lish hymnists." 1789. — Jesse Lee, of Virginia, plants Method- ism in New England. •1791. — Death of John Wesley, at the age of eighty-eight years. During the sixty- five years of his ministry it is estimated that he preached 42,000 times, pub- lished 200 books and pamphlets, and traveled 250,000 miles, or ten times the circumference of the globe, and mostly on horseback. 1811. — The first Methodist mission in Africa established at Sierra Leone. 1816. — Bishop Asbury died in Spotsylvania county, Va. It is estimated that dur- ing his ministry he traveled 270,000 miles, or more than ten times the cir- cumference of the globe, and mostly on horseback; preached 16,000 times; sat in 224 Annual Conferences, and ordained 4,000 preachers. 1820. — Missionary societies formally adopted by the Church. 1830.— The Methodist Protestant Church or- ganized. 1844. — The ninth delegated General Confer- ence held in New York. "This was one of the most memorable of the General Conferences. The agitation of the question of slave-holding in the Church culminated in the adoption of the 'Plan of Separation,' and the or- ganization of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South." 1848.— The M. E. Church, South, begins mis- sionary work in China. Dr. Charles Taylor is sent out as a missionary. ^ 1870.— The Colored M. E. Church organized. 1878. — The Woman's Missionary Society or- ganized, ad 1881^— An Ecumenical Methodist Conference held at City Road Chapel, London. Four hundred delegates were present, from more than twenty different countries, representing about five million members, who heard the Gos- pel in thirty languages. 1900. — A joint commission from the M. E. Church 'and the M. E. Church, South, appointed to adopt a common hymnal, catechism and order of worship. Wty (Srototl) of ^etfjobtsm A writer has said: "The rise of Methodism is among the greatest marvels of human history. It will amaze you, if you have not read the page of the Church's progress to know that the pioneers of Methodism surpassed even the apostles in results. Methodism gained nearly three times as many members to its communion in its first century as the apos- "tolic Church during its first century." Robert Strawbridge and Philip Embury, the first Methodist preachers in America, began their labors here between 1760 and 1766. In 1773 the first Methodist conference in America was held at the old St. George's church in Philadelphia, which is still in use. The total membership of the societies in America at that time was 1,160. In 1784 the Methodist Episcopal Church in America was organized, and at that date there were about 15,000 Methodists in America. In 1800 there were 287 traveling preachers, and 64,894 members. In 1812, the year of the first delegated General Conference, the membership of the Church was 195,000. In 1844, the year of the division of the Church, the membership had grown to about one million. In 1845 the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, was organized, with sixteen annual conferences, and a membership, white and colored, numbering nearly one-half million. In 1912 all Methodist bodies in America reported 42,849 traveling preachers, and 6,905,095 members. We have since passed the seven million mark for all branches of Methodism in the United States, and the Southern Methodist Church has a member- ship of about two millions. But we should beware, since we have become a great Church, lest we put our trust in numbers. Our success has been due to a pure gospel, preached by consecrated men relying entirely upon the Holy Spirit for results, and God has not disappointed us. The same gospel that Wesley preached standing on his father's tomb, when sinners were cut to the heart and fell to the ground convicted of sin, is the gospel we preach to-day, and it has the same power to convict and convert. Let us expect it still to accomplish such results. The wonderful growth of early Methodism was due, in great part, under the blessing of God, to the self-sacrificing efforts of the old-time circuit riders. Referring to these heroic men, Dr. John A. Rice says: "A hundred years ago these noble men were threading their way along dim trails, through pathless forests, across swollen streams without bridges or ferries, among fierce savages and ferocious beasts, in search of lost souls. They were sleeping now in the rude hut of the primitive settlers; now in the wigwam of the friendly Indian. They were often drenched with rain, pinched with cold," hungry and exhausted, alone in the woods, where the awful silence was broken only by the howl of the wolf, the growl of the bear, the scream of the panther, or the whoop of the cruel warrior. There were then over six hundred of them, with two thousand local preachers and one hundred and fifty thousand members." The success of the old-time circuit riders was phenomenal. God greatly blessed the labors of these self-sacrificing men who went "every- where" preaching the gospel. When Bishop Asbury was once asked where he was from, he replied: "From Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Bal- timore, or almost anywhere you please," and it was literally true. During his ministry, it is estimated that he traveled 270,000 miles, or more than ten times the circumference of the globe, and mostly on horseback; crossed the Alleghany Mountains sixty-two times; preached 16,000 times; sat in 224 annual conferences, and ordained 4,000 preachers. When he began his labors in America there were not more than 500 Methodists In this country; when he died there were 214,000 BEGINNINGS OF METHODISM IN AMERICA. Robert Strawbridge. The Log Meeting-house, Sara's Creek, Md, It is a matter of debate whether Method- ism was first planted in Maryland or in New York. Bishop Asbury, while visiting the Methodist society on Sam's Creek, Maryland, in 1801, wrote in his journal: "Here Mr. Strawbridge formed the first society in Maryland — and America." While on the other hand Jesse Lee, the earliest historian of American Methodism, states that the first permanent Methodist society in America was formed in New York city, in 1766, by Philip Embury. Dr. Gross Alexander says: "Stevens and Buckley adopt Lee's account, and McTyeire and Tigert, Bishop Asbury's. When the earliest authorities and the latest doctors disagree, who shall decide?" Dr. Alexander further says: "Robert Strawbridge was a man of un- common ability and fervent piety, whose compound of Irish enthusiasm and Methodist zeal made no small stir whereveu he went. Tested by the faithfulness of his ministry, the extent of his labors, and the results of his work, he was easily first among all the Methodist preachers who came to America before Francis Asbury." He was the spiritual father of sev- eral prominent Methodist preachers of the pioneer days, among whom were Richard Owen, who was the first native Methodist preacher on the continent; William Watters, the first native itinerant of American Metho- dism; Freeborn Garrettson and others. The log meeting-house erected by Strawbridge has been described as follows: "The building was a rude structure, without windows, door, or floor, and though long occupied was never completed. Yet it was a true sanctuary. Beneath its rough pulpit Strawbridge laid to rest two of his children. Its unplastered walls echoed with the triumphant shouts of sinners redeemed through the mercy of God." A beautiful marble tablet has recently been erected on the site of this historic church, containing the following inscription: THE FIRST PREACHER OF AMERICAN METHODISM, ROBERT STRAWBRIDGE, ARRIVED IN FREDERICK CO. ABOUT 1760; DIED IN 1781. ON THIS SPOT STOOD THE LOG MEETING HOUSE, ERECTED ABOUT 1764, THE FIRST METHODIST MEETING HOUSE IN AMERICA." JEGIXXIXGS OF METHODISM IX AMERICA. Old John Street Church. New York. i ^^aHL jfiSf Jffij* r,-tfa*>3saEI Philip Embury. Philip Embury's Residence. Barbara Heck. Philip Embury who, according to Jesse Lee, formed the first Metho- dist society in America (see preceding page), arrived in New York from Ireland in the summer of 1760. He was a local preacher, but for six years we hear little of him except that he followed his trade as carpenter and sometimes taught school. It seems that the religious enthusiasm of a woman, Barbara Heck, his cousin, was necessary to arouse his zeal for souls. The story is familiar to all who are acquainted with Methodist history: "It seems that a company of people had met one evening to play cards, when suddenly there appeared in the room where they were gaming a woman well-known to them all, one Barbara Heck, who in indignation swept the cards into her apron, threw them into the fire, sternly warned the players of the danger to which they were exposed, and exhorted them with earnestness and pathos to give up their evil ways. Then going to the house of Philip Embury, she cried, 'Philip, you must preach to us or we shall all go to hell, and Go y d will require our blood at your hands.' "But where shall I preach?' asked Embury; 'or how can I preach, for I have neither a house nor a congregation?' 'Preach in your own house and to your own company first,' she replied. Thereupon five persons met in Embury's house (see photograph above), to whom he preached the gospel. From this incident Barbara Heck has been called the "Mother of American Methodism." This was in 1766. A year later a "rigging loft" was rented and used as a place of worship until 1768, when the John Street church was built. It was first known as "Wesley Chapel." INTERESTING LANDMARKS OF PIONEER METHODISM. wJkn House in which the first Conference at Peters- burg. Va., was held by Bishop Asbury, June 17, 1778. mmt0k The Green Hill House, near Louisburg, N. C, in which the first Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church was held. April 20, 1785. ^KcT?l) from or) old -tT'l^ (From the Church Extension Hand Book). First Methodist Parsonage in America, John Street, New York, 1770. of lobn Evan». near Sam< Crctk, Carroll Co., Mtl. («*»»• ; -, J" , ,i it '"' FM *t 1 "'' ■''■'" > '" u "d" ;l - t ■ri'&m (By Courtesy of the Christian Advocate, Nashville). Home of John Evans, the First Known Convert to Methodism in America. He was one of Strawbridge 8 First Converts, and the House is Located Near the Old Log Meeting- House. (See Page 4> INTERESTING LANDMARKS OF PIONEER METHODISM. 1. Old St. George's Church, Philadelphia. Built in 1769. It is the "oldest Methodist Church used continu- ously for worship in the world." 2. Barratt'8 Chapel, near Frederica, Delaware. One of the first Methodist churches in the United States. Asbury and Coke first met here and laid plans for the organization of the Methodist Episcopal Cfcurch. From a photograph taken in 1900. (From the Illustrated History of Methodism, by Permission). „ 3 .\ °. ld "Lovely Lane" Church, Baltimore, Md. Built in 1774. Here the Methodist Episcopal Church in America was organized in 1784. „ *:, The Foundry, the First Methodist Chapel Built in London. 5. Old Salem Methodist Church, Greene County, Missouri, erected in 1836. 6. Old Union Church, Bullock County, Georgia organized 1790. »"iy, Georgia, THi; CHRISTIAN HOMK. The home is the foundation of both the social and the religious life. A pure home makes a pure life for both the State and the Church, and a corrupt home makes a corrupt and godless nation. It is a cause for earnest reflection and deep shame when we consider the fact that there were 75,000 divorces in the United States during the year 1913. Does this mean that in many places the marriage vow is no longer held sacred? Does it mean that in their efforts to acquire wealth and procure temporal comforts for their children, parents are failing to set before their children high ideals of Christian character and godly living, and failing to train them in the service of God? No words can measure the loss to that home where material things are allowed to crowd out the religious life. Better let your children suffer for food, and clothing, and education, than to deny them the blessings of a true example of the Christian life. Remember that if parents put other things than religion first in life their children will do the same. Family worship is almost unknown in many communities, and as n. result young people grow up worldly and irreligious. No one can measure the value of piety and family worship in the home. A young man once left his country home and went to a large city to seek his fortune. He fell into evil ways and became a backslider, but when he recovered him- self he said: "Though I wandered into sin I was never happy, for I could not get away from my early religious training. I could never forget the prayer my dying mother offered for me, and I recalled the words of my father, who, when he told me good-bye kissed me, and said, "My boy, be sure you read your Bible and say your prayers." When family religion is neglected then family government becomes lax. The child that is allowed to have his way without any parental re- straint is to be pitied indeed. When the warden of a State penitentiary saw a child stamp his foot and harshly say to his mother, "I won't do it," and the mother fail to correct him, he said, "There's a candidate for my institution." We are told that when Li Hung Chang, the great Chinese statesman, returned to Peking after a visit to this country he wrote to a little girl in Brooklyn as follows: "If your parents are still living, I hope that you are dutiful to them. I have observed that the Western nations are not so dutiful to parents as we are in China." What a comment on Christian nations by a heathen statesman! As a thoughtful writer has said: "There is nothing else that this country needs so much as the Christian home, the greatest of all in- stitutions of Christian civilization." THE DEADLY CIGARETTE. Out of 412 boys examined by the naval enlisting officer (Peoria, 111.), only 114 were accepted. Of the 29"8 rejections the greater number were on account of weak hearts, and in the majority of cases this was caused by cigarette smoking. Of nearly 12,000 volunteers for the British army, only 1,200 were able to pass the required tests, and the chief cause of physical disability was officially and medically declared to be smoking. Of sixty-seven candidates for the medical department of the United States Army, during the Spanish-American War, forty-three were rejected because of tobacco heart, officially and medically so declared. — From the S. S. Times. CHRISTIANITY IN EARNEST. THE OLD COLONEL. THE NEW COLONEL. (Used by permission of Fleming H. Revell Company. From Down in Water Street, by S. H. Hadley) These photographs show the saving power of the gospel of Christ. This tramp, which came to the Water Street Mission, New York, had seen better days. He was from one of the best families of Ohio — a college man and law student during his early life — but drink brought him to the lowest depths. Mr. Hadley, who had charge of the mission, says: "One night an old man came in, whom I shall call the Old Colonel. He was one of the most typical tramps that ever came into our mission, where the lost congregate in such numbers. No pen can adequately de- scribe his condition. He was over six feet tall, and sixty years of age, but looked a hundred. His dirty grey beard was a foot long, and his hair of the same color hung a foot down his back. His eyes were bleared and full of matter, and the hue of his face showed that he and water had long been strangers. He had on an old, ragged overcoat, probably pulled out of some ash barrel, and fastened with a nail. An old coat and vest completed his wardrobe. His trousers could not be called a part of his outfit, for they were little more than holes with rags tied round them. He had on no shirt or undershirt, and on his feet were pieces of rags tied up with strings. I had known him for years. He was a common beg- gar. But the gospel reached his heart, and 'from that instant,' " says Mr. Hadley, "the old beggar tramp was changed into a child of God. He fairly loathed rum and all its works. Thousands heard him, during the thirteen years he was among us, tell of the wonderful love of Jesus." Methodism has been defined as "Christianity in earnest," and let us ever expect the gospel to "save unto the uttermost," but at the same time we should bear in mind that to save the young from sin is a more glorious work than to save the old after they have wasted their lives in sin. THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL. Will It Pay? D. L. Moody's First Sunday School Class in Chicago. Mr. Moody is standing on the left, and John V. Farwell on the right, at the rear. IT DOES PAY. A Later Picture of D. L. Moody's First Sunday School Class in Chicago. (From The Christian Workers Magazine, Chicago, by permission.) While emphasizing the adult Bible class work in the Sunday-schools to-day, we must not overlook the boys and girls, found in almost every community, who never attend the Sunday-school. The two pictures above portray very vividly the possibilities of such work. Mr. Moody gathered the street urchins of Chicago into his Sunday-school and saved many a life from the destruction of sin. When ex-thieves, gamblers, drunkards and murderers testified to the saving grace of God, Gypsy Smith said: "Men, God has done wonders for you, but He has done more for me; He saved me before I got there." A COUNTRY SUNDAY-SCHOOL, THAT PRODUCED TWO BISHOPS. Bishop Doggett. Old White Marsh Church, Lancaster County, Virginia. THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL TEACHER. Bishop George The Sunday-school teacher has committed to him or her a position of great p'rivilege and great responsibility. What a sacred trust to have committed to one's care the training of immortal souls! And yet a teacher will sometimes come before the class and say, "I hope you all know your lessons; but I'm sorry to say that I haven't even looked at mine." We must first be taught ourselves before we can teach others. Many teachers complain that they have no gifts for teaching, but more fail because of the Jack of proper study and preparation of the lesson. Dr. Hamill says, "Most teachers are made not born." One needs both an intellectual and a spiritual preparation to be an efficient teacher. Above all, ever keep before your mind the great fact that you will teach your scholars more by your personal influence than by your words. Live the life of a de- vout Christian and pray for the presence of God's Spirit to assist you in teaching His word. And do not forget to pray daily for the members of your class according to their needs. Be punctual. One of the surest roads to failure is to be absent part of the time and late the rest of the time. Professor Dager, addressing Sunday-school feachers, said: "A little child fell from the path into the canal. A young woman who alone saw the child, ran, threw herself upon the wall, and grasped the child's arm. She had not sufficient strength to lift him to the walk. Her utmost energy was taxed to keep his head above the water. For more than twenty minutes was she in this position, when a man heard her cry and raised the child to a place of safety. Yet the village, when the incident be- came known, applauded and honored the girl as the rescuer. Teacher, if you first succeed in keeping those boys' lives above the engulfing cur- rent of sensuality and vice by your utmost endeavors, some pastor or evangelist may come along and lift them into safety, and the community may call them his converts, but some day in heaven you shall be ac- knowledged as the rescuer of their lives." There is an old country church within the bounds of the Virginia Conference that has sent out two bishops — Bishop George and Bishop Doggett. (See photographs above.) We have often wondered whether the Sunday-school teachers who taught those boys ever dreamed that they were preparing two boys for the Christian ministry and the highest office of the Church. Suppose they had been unfaithful to their trust. Those boys might have wandered off and become lost to God and His Church. As some one has said: "No man ever knows what he is accom- plishing when he works with ideas and human souls." The Sunday-school teacher is such a worker. INTERESTING LANDMARKS OF PIONEER METHODISM. (From the Illustrated History of Methodism, by Permission). 1. Wilson Allen's First Home, at Honey Grove, Texas. Built in 1835. At this house the pioneer preachers of Methodism in Texas used to be entertained. 2. The Old Thrasher House, near Roanoke, Virginia. Built In 1751. Asbury frequently preached from its porch. 3. First Methodist Church, also the First Protestant Church, Built in Michigan. Erected in 1818, six miles from Detroit. 4. Birthplace of Bishop Doggett. The house was built in 1800. It is in Lancaster County, Virginia. In the early days services were frequently held here. 5. Old Rehoboth Methodist Church, near Union, Monroe County, West Virginia. The church was built in 1786 and was dedicated by Bishop Asbury. Freeborn Garrettson, Francis As- bury and other noted preachers have occupied its pulpit. 6. The First Methodist Church In Kentucky. It was built in 1787, at Masterson's station about five miles from I.rMiiirltm. In it Bishop Francis Asbury held bin lirsl < 'onlcii nee west of the Alle- (?henies, May 10, 1T1HI. CHURCH EXTENSION. „„, lt 7 he Board of Church Extension of the Methodist Episcopal Church the bui7dlL° r o? n ;r d t° r the , PUrP ° Se ° f P rovidi ^ m Part the'mean r wi 6 b i g , Churches and Parsonages m eligible and needy localities where the people are not able to build for themselves. The work is sup- ported by annual collections taken in every congregation and by special fn^Q S Q n i7 SaC T v, SmCe " S ^aniz a tion in 1882; it has invested $4,- <S05,989.17 in churches and parsonages; aided 8,994 churches, and 2 370 parsonages, and yet there are 2,804 congregations in Southern Methodism without church buildings. There is imperative need for an immediate ^TV" the L ° an Fund Capital- A number of persons have estab- lished Memorial Loan Funds in memory of deceased relatives— a most appropriate and commendable work. The board is also prepared to pay annuities on donations. If you have some of the Lord's money to invest in a good cause write Dr. W. F. McMurry, corresponding secretary Louis- ville, Ky., for particulars. What Sort of a Monument Do You Propose to Have? A Lonely Slab of Stone Telling 1 -,„ ( A Working, Growing, Soul-Saving That Tou Are DEAD , " R \ five years for all time to Church — every come. (From Church Extension Hand Book, by permission). A Church in the Eastern Kentucky Mountains before the Church Extension Board began CHRISTIAN STEWARDSHIP The world is yet to learn the lesson of stewardship as taught by our Saviour. He plainly taught as regards both talents and money, that w* are God's stewards. So then, in the matter of money, the question to be asked is not, "How much of my money shall I give the Lord?" but, "How much of the Lord's money shall I spend upon myself?" Covetous- ness is one of the most alarming sins of to-day. Mammon is worshiped as never before. Many church members live as though God has no claim whatever upon their possessions. The writer has met, during his ministry, many church members worth from $10,000 to $40,000, who could not be induced to give as much as $10.00 to missions, and often their total annual contributions for religious and benevolent purposes would not exceed $25.00. It is hard to convince such men that God's word is true when it plainly declares that covetousness is idolatry. Many of them, we fear, will learn this awful truth when it is too late. They fix their own standard of giving instead of following God's word. I have recently read of a man who was converted in one of the "Billy Sunday" revivals. When he joined the church the church officer told him that he had been assessed $12.50 for the support of the church. He was amazed and replied, "You don't mean that you expect me to con- tribute only $12.50 in a year to the church! While I was serving the devil I used to throw away that much in a single night." He belgan to study the Bible and decided that he ought to give not less than one-tenth of his income. The result was that he gave $378.00 the first six months, or thirty times as much as the church asked him to give in a year. That was the result of getting his scale of giving from God instead of from man. But the well-to-do and the rich are not the only offenders. Poor people, and those in moderate circumstances, often fall short of their duty in this respect. Dr. James Denny goes to the root of the matter when he says: "Why, then, is it so difficult to get money for church purposes? It is not because the legitimacy or necessity of those pur- poses is questioned in the church itself, but because so many of its mem- bers have nothing to give. When the turn of the church comes, their money is all gone. It is really gone. They have spent it already on whatever appealed to them — on the necessaries of life, on traveling, on amusements, on dress, on pleasures of every description. The idea that from the very beginning there should be a restraint exercised uppn self in this connection — that the impulse to indulge and to enjoy should bp checked in view of Christian obligations — has not so much as occurred to them; they have nothing to give because there is nothing left. Can we avoid asking again: Is this consistent with any relation to Christ? Is not a disciple of Jesus bound to take hold of his life, and of his money, with a firmer hand? Is it not an elementary Christian duty to do with- out some things, to exercise thrift, to save by saying no to self, that we may have a stone of our own in the Christian temple? It ie not direct begging which will bring the church out of its financial difficulties- people easily become proof to dunning — but the revival in the soul of what Jesus meant by the renunciation of self." But Christian stewardship means more than giving one's money, — it means giving- one's self to the service of God and humanity. John S. Huyler, the Methodist layman of New York, has set an example worth emulating. When he became a Christian he gave both himself and his wealth to the service of God. Dr. Goodell, his pastor, says: "As God prospered him, he continued to enlarge the proportion of his gifts. He told me that in the early days he heard the preachers say that a man ought to give a tenth of his income to the Lord, and he began that way. After a while it seemed to him too small an offering to make, in the face of God's abundance, so he increased until it was a fifth, and a little later it was a quarter, and after a while he was giving half of his income. He would attend the city missions and kneel at the altar and talk and pray with even the tramps that knelt in prayer. "On a cold or stormy night he would often go to the window of his beautiful home and, instead of turning to say to himself: 'How nice ahd comfortable we are in here! We ought to be very happy and enjoy our- selves together,' he would press his face against the window-ftane and say: 'This is a bad night for the boys on the street! God help the poor fellows without a home. What will the poor tramps do who have no place to sleep?' Then he would call up the missions and make arrange- ments so that every poor fellow who came within their reach could h* accommodated with food and shelter." INTERESTING LANDMARKS OF PIONEER METHODISM. (From the Illustrated History of Methodism, by Permission). 1. Ruins of Wesley Church, Frederica, St. Simon's Island, Georgia. 2. Bethel Meeting-house. This represents the first Methodist church edifice erected in Illinois Territory. It was built in 1805 and stood about two miles south of Edwardsville in what was known as "the old Goshen settlement." 3. "The Old Place." Bishop Marvin's childhood home. 4. The Virginian Home of the Rev. Stewart Taylor, Father of Bishop Taylor. Here Bishop Taylor spent his boyhood days. The house is about two miles west of Rockbridge Baths, Virginia. 5. Cabin of the Rev. R. R. Roberts, Who entered the Baltimore Conference in 1802. He lived in this cabin from 1805 to 1808, while engaged in his regular work of preaching. It was also his episcopal residence for some years after he became bishop. 6. The Old Tobacco House. Used as a place of worship from 1807 to 1S11 by the first Methodist society in Washington, D. C. Presi- dent Jefferson attended services held in this building. HOMi; MISSIONS. Dr. John M. Moore, secretary of Home Missions, in his annual re- port for ID 14, says: "The Methodists of the South are awaking to the call of the home- land and are realizing more and more the importance of Home Missions to the evangelization of the world as well as to the Christianization of this country. Professor Austin Phelps once said: 'If I were a missionary in Canton, my first prayer every morning would be for the success of the home missionary for the sake of Canton.' Dr. Phelps has been proved a seer by the events of the recent revolution in China in that the Cantonese who had spent some time in America and had been touched by the Chris- tian missionaries here were the leaders in the efforts in behalf of a demo- cratic government. Professor E. A. Steiner, in one of his delightful books on the immigrant, said: 'The issues of the kingdom of God in this genera- tion are with America.' The world is at school in America, and America is at the crossroads of the world. Neglect of Home Missions in America is to lay upon foreign missionaries the responsibility of apologizing to the keenest observers among non-Christian people for the shortcomings of the Christian Church.' " When we consider the fact that immigrants are coming to our country at the rate of over a million a year, that there are 291,000 Indians in the United States, and that in many localities, especially in some moun- tain sections, there are thousands of people who are not reached by the gospel, we cannot overlook the heathen at our own doors. At the same time we cannot draw a sharp line between Home and Foreign Missions. Both have the same end in view: "The whole Church giving- the whole gospel to the whole world," and the person who does not believe in Foreign Missions really does not believe in any kind of missions. A very important branch of Home Mission work is that carried on by our conferences in supplementing the salaries of preachers sent to mission charges, where they are unable to support a pastor without help from this board. (From The Church Extension Hand Book). Indians at Church. FOREIGN MISSIONS. Ue^! clT^T^. Xt^T^ZX^^ ^ *""■ ^ ine the cause of m iJ„l *„ vl Ve t0 waste tlme now in clefend- s?on is torel e^'w r fV^ iS necessar y 'or the defense of mis- sions is to relate what God hath wrought" in heathen lands At our 5£>« ^X^ S ° £ the b ° ard ° f missions seve ™l letters from' prtsiding elders in China were read, and a few extracts are given below: PreSldmS: « a + \ i )6 °i )le . demand freedom of religion. They will not be satis- fied with Confucianism as a State religion. The whole nation is look ng toward Christianity. From this we know how the idea of religion naf S3 eSS In M ° U l na l i0n -" " Wherever ™ ho^ a meeting, men fill the place. All the churches are too small to accommodate the attendance." Now is the time to strive for the men of China." "If we could build churches in all the great cities, we can hardly imagine how prosperous the cause would be in the future." "Because the churches overflow, we built a tent to seat five hundred men. We held five tent meetings during the year, and the effect was wonderful." Blind Korean Girls Studying the Bible What is true of China is true of all the fields. The doors are wide open, and the Church should send out many more missionaries and also build churches and hospitals to equip the work. A few years ago Bishqp Harris, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, related the following incident which occurred in Korea: "A village numbering- five thousand people re- cently came to me, through its appointed spokesman, and said, 'We want a preacher. 1 I replied, 'You have no house in which to preach.' 'O yes, we have!' they replied. 'We have decided to give to you the Buddhist temple of the village. It is to be a Christian church hereafter. And now we want you to send us a preacher." " Rev. E. L. Peerman, one of our own missionaries, wrote: "My heart has often been touched as I have seen men and women fifty years old or more, who have been brought up in ignorance, trying to learn how to read,, their only purpose being to learn how to read the Bible." The Sunday-School Times recently referred to two places in China where they have only two missionaries to ten millions of people. Add to this the fact that our Church is contributing an average of less than one cent a week per member for Foreign Missions and surely no one can say that the Church is "overdoing" this matter of missions. Through the Laymen's Missionary Movement an effort is being made to give every person in the world an opportunity of accepting Jesus Christ as Saviour during this generation. To accomplish this task each denomination has been allotted its share of the work. The Southern Metho- dist Church has been allotted forty million persons abroad, and eight mil- lions at home. As there are about two millions of Southern Methodists this means that each member should consider himself responsible for the evangelization of twenty persons abroad and four at home. What are you doing to save these twenty-four persons? Our latest missionary effort is in Central Africa. Bishop Lambuth, with a company of four missionaries and their wives, established the Congo Mission the early part of 1914. The following pages contain some interesting photographs from that field. FOREIGN MISSIONS— Continued a o o a E o 3 5 ■8S S ■a S; 0) Oh 3 . B-2 o 8 * a a* =2 n « S3 ■cms u w a o_ o _-o 'a « 5 99 •^ "3.2 6 §5 z. «5 sa. Us «g o£ a** 09 ~> 00 a C wS £& •o * 2-° X! oo iL XI FOREIGN MISSIONS— Continued a *" a_ 3_'a ii » o i* S a> >» a w «j§ ■,§ o — °° ** ^1 a a m f b 0;° « a « £ b - 3 $ fc ij'CC** is M g« a,* ^ a WET AM) DRY MAP OF UNITED STATES. (By courtesy of American Issue Publishing Co., Westerville, Ohio.) The white States on the above map show the States that are actually under State-wide prohibition or that have voted this year to install that policy The States shaded with a single shade are States that have more than50 per cent, of their population living under local prohibition of some sort. The double shaded States are those in which between 25 and 50 per cent, of the people are living under local dry policy. The States marked all black are those wherein less than 25 per cent, of the people are under any kind of prohibition. ONE YEAR'S PROGRESS IN THE CAUSE OF TEMPERANCE. John Barleycorn received many knock-out blows during the past year. From November, 1913, to November, 1914, we sum up, briefly, the tem- perance victories: 1. November, 1913, four thousand delegates met at the Columbus Con- vention, and a committee of 1,000 was appointed to "visit Congress and petition for a referendum on the question of national prohibition." (This bill was voted on by the House of Representatives December 22, 1914, and the vote was 197 for and 189 against. While it fell short of the required two-thirds vote, temperance workers are greatly pleased with the out- look.) 2. July 1, 1914, State-wide prohibition in effect in West "Virginia. 3. September 2 2, Virginia voted dry. 4. November 3, Washington, Oregon, Arizona and Colorado voted dry. 5. The Czar of Russia prohibited the use of vodka, the national in- toxicating drink, throughout the whole nation. The liquor traffic is doomed, but because of man's depraved appetite and lust for money, we must be ever vigilant and fight it to the finish. ONE HUNDRED YEARS' PROGRESS IN THE CAUSE OF TEMPERANCE. At the General Conferance of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1812, Rev. James Axley moved "that no stationed or local preacher shall retail spirituous or malt liquors without forfeiting his ministerial charac- ter among us." It was sent to the "table" two or three times and when it was finally put to a vote it was lost! Think of it, one hundred years ago a Methodist preacher could sell liquor and not forfeit his ministerial standing! But at the General Conference of 1816, Axley offered the same resolution, which was passed. OUR CHURCH SCHOOLS. It is a common saying that "Methodism was bom in a university." The founder of Methodism was one of the foremost scholars of his day, and both he and his co-workers emphasized the importance of educa- tion. Dr. Buckley is authority for the statement that "in less than thirty years after Methodism arose in this country, one in twenty of the preachers could read the New Testament in the original Greek." This speaks well for Methodism, which can never be charged with believing that piety and ignorance must go hand in hand. Our Church has not only believed in education, but education under the proper influences— Christian education. To this end we have estab- lished and maintained our own preparatory schools, colleges and univer- sities, where our young people can receive training for their life's work under positively Christian influences. For the sake of saving a few dollars some people send their children to institutions where they are denied the helpful Christian atmosphere found in the denominational college. During the formative period of life, when they are susceptible to every sort of influence, it is perilous to place young people in any in- stitution of learning whatever, without regard to the moral and spiritual environment. Dr. James Cannon, Jr., says that some people will turn away from their own Church schools and select an inferior school with this explanation: "Yes, I know that is the better school, but the charge is $30.00 to $50.00 higher than at this school to which I have sent my child, and I cannot afford to pay any more for the schooling of my chil- dren than is absolutely necessary." Dr. Cannon's comment on such a course is pertinent: "He will not hesitate to pay $30.00 or $50.00 more to get a better pair of mules that will do the work he wants done more satisfactorily than a cheaper pair would do it, but he will deliberately decide to buy an inferior course of training for his child, although he knows it is not the best, simply because he can save a little money by so doing." WELCOME THE STRANGER. A preacher once preached a sermon on heavenly recognition, in which he convinced his congregation that we shall recognize each other in heaven. It was a helpful and comforting sermon, and at the close of the service a stranger approached the preacher and said: "I have enjoyed the sermon and am indeed glad to know that we shall recognize each other in heaven, for I have been coming to this church for six months and no one has recognized me here." Don't be too modest to approach visitors at your church and give them a cordial welcome and invite them to come again. Persons have often been won to the Christian life by a little attention of this kind. WANTED— THIS DOG! One of our preachers tells the story of a wonderful Scotch collie that rendered most valuable service on a certain circuit. It used to be the custom for the men to stand around under the shade trees and about the church door, talking until after the opening hymn and prayer. But now, as soon as the congregation begins to sing, it is said that this in- telligent dog rounds up the men and drives them into the church. Many circuit preachers are calling for the services of this valuable dog. Moral: Brother, if you are an offender along this line, better go in church promptly hereafter before they have to call the dog. The first hymn and prayer are an important part of the service. HAVE YOU MET THIS MAN? 1. "To which branch of the Methodist Church do you belong?" "Dunno." 2. "Where was your last annual conference held?" "Dunno." 3. "What bishop presided?" "Dunno." 4. "Where will your next district conference be held?" "Dunno." 5. "How many Southern Methodists are there?" "Dunno." 6. "When and where was your last general conference held?" "Dunno." 7. "Where will your next quarterly conference be held?" "Dunno." 8. "In how many foreign countries does your Church conduct mis- sions?" "Dunno." 9. "Who are the leading evangelists of our country?" "Dunno." 10. "Where will the next session of your annual conference be held?" "Dunno." Then subscribe to your Church paper and be cured of this ignor- ance. The Church paper will not only give you helpful information about the work of the Church, it will also provide nourishing, spiritual food fifty-two weeks in the year for both you and your family. You need wholesome reading matter in your home for your children, and if you do not provide them with such do not be surprised if they acquire a taste for trashy novels and other very objectionable literature. Every Metho- dist home ought to have in it the Bible, the discipline, the hymn book and the Church paper. The Church paper costs only about four cents per week, which puts it within the reach of almost every family that really wants it. Subscribe to your Church paper and be a well-informed, loyal Methodist. Your pastor will be glad to send in your subscription. THE AMERICAN BIBI/E SOCIETY. The American Bible Society was organized in 1816. The object of this society is to furnish the Scriptures, without comment, at actual cost of manufacture. It is supported by voluntary contributions and carries on work in five continents through nine home agencies and twelve foreign agencies. During the past year it issued 5,251,176 volumes of the Scrip- tures. Of this number, 2,327,390 volumes were circulated at home, and 2,923,786 volumes abroad. During the ninety-eight years of its existence the total issues amount to 103,519,891 volumes. The American Bible Society is a great missionary force in both the home and the foreign field. Were it not for the Bible Society, which translates the Bible into the foreign languages and furnishes it at cost, our missionary work would be greatly handicapped. As an example of how the society endeavors to reach the foreigners of our country with the Bible we have but to note that in 1913 it printed the Bible in forty-four languages and dialects, besides English, for use in the United States. The Scriptures, in 1,5 additional languages, were imported for sale and dis- tribution in America. If the funds were available the society could greatly enlarge its work, but It is embarrassed for lack of funds, having had to cut down the budget estimate for 1914 by $180,000. The next page contains some interesting photographs furnished by the American Bible Society. THE AMERICAN BIBLE SOCIETY— Continued. (By Courtesy of the American Bible Societv). A Filipino Truck-load of Gospels. Fifteen Thousand Copies of the Gospels for the Island of Samar. This is a photograph of William McPherson, who came to America from Scotland in 1883. While superintendent of a large stone quarry in Colorado, he lost both hands and both eyes by a premature explosion of dynamite. He had been a Chris- tian, but had become a backslider, and now in his affliction he turned to God and re- ceived grace and par- don. Greatly desiring to read the Word of God, a blind woman employed by the State to teach the blind, taught him the alpha- bet of raised letters, which he picked out with his tongue. "Morning, noon, and night he„wrestled with that sheet of raised letters, until in three weeks, he. had read and committed to memory the first cnapter of John." (By Courtesy of the American Bible Society). Reading the Bible with the Tongue. INTERESTING LANDMARKS OF PIONEER METHODISM. I "WT- < u ,r t iiiftiiiTim (From the Illustrated History of Methodism, by Permission) The Old McKendree Chapel, Near Jackson, >uri — The First Methodist Church West of lississippi River. ir Annual Conferences were held here — in 1819, 1826 and 1831. The bishops presiding were e, Roberts (twice) and fcioule. Free-born Garrettson Preaching from the tester County (Md.) Jail (1780). 3. The First Methodist Meeting-house o Tangier Island, Maryland; Built in 1808. 4. The Old Lucas House, Near Sparta, Georgia In 1806 the first Methodist Annual Conference.i Georgia was held in this house. 5. Old Methodist Episcopal Church, Nei Athens, Ohio. Where Bishop Simpson preached his first sermon.